1 John: The True Meaning


1 John: Love, Truth, Obedience, Eternal Life, Fellowship

The First Epistle of John, also known as 1 John, is believed to have been written sometime between 85-100 CE, during the latter part of the first century. Scholars suggest it was most likely composed in Ephesus, a thriving city in the Roman province of Asia (modern-day Turkey), which was a significant center of early Christianity and home to one of the seven churches mentioned in the Book of Revelation.

Ephesus was a bustling commercial hub situated on the western coast of Asia Minor, surrounded by a diverse landscape that included the Aegean Sea, rugged mountains, and fertile agricultural land. The region was dominated by the Roman Empire, which had exercised control over the area for several centuries.

During this time, the early Christian community was facing various challenges, including the rise of heretical teachings and the need to solidify the foundational beliefs of the faith. The author of 1 John, traditionally identified as the Apostle John, addresses these concerns by emphasizing the importance of maintaining a strong, unwavering faith in Jesus Christ and living in accordance with His teachings.

The people of the region were a diverse mix of Greeks, Romans, and native Anatolians, all of whom were exposed to a variety of religious and philosophical influences. The author of 1 John sought to provide a clear and concise guide for the believers, exhorting them to reject false teachings and to embrace the love, fellowship, and obedience that are central to the Christian life.

The significance of 1 John within the context of Christianity lies in its profound theological insights and its emphasis on the practical application of faith. The epistle affirms the divinity of Christ, the importance of love and obedience, and the assurance of eternal life for those who believe in Him. It has played a crucial role in shaping the doctrinal and ethical foundations of the Christian faith, and its timeless message continues to inspire and guide believers today.

The Author of 1 John

The author of the book of 1 John is traditionally believed to be the apostle John, one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. John was known as the “Beloved Disciple” and was a close companion of Jesus during his ministry on earth. John, as one of Jesus’ inner circle, had a deep understanding of Jesus’ teachings and a profound love for Him.

John’s motivation for writing the book of 1 John was to address certain doctrinal issues that were affecting the early Christian community. He wanted to combat false teachings concerning the nature of Christ, the importance of love and obedience in the Christian life, and the assurance of salvation for believers. John’s deep love for Christ and for his fellow believers drove him to clarify these essential truths and to encourage the readers to walk in the light of God’s truth and love.

During the time of writing 1 John, John was likely an elderly man, possibly in his 80s or 90s. He had witnessed the ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus, as well as the early growth of the Christian church. John wrote with a sense of urgency, knowing that false teachings were threatening the spiritual well-being of believers. Despite his advanced age, John remained passionate about sharing the message of Christ and ensuring that his readers remained true to the gospel message.

Overview of 1 John

The book of 1 John is a letter written by the apostle John to encourage a group of believers and address issues within the early Christian community. The central theme is the importance of love – loving one another as a reflection of God’s love for us. John emphasizes the need for believers to walk in the light, obey God’s commands, and remain faithful despite false teachings and worldly temptations.

The letter is divided into three main sections. The first focuses on the nature of God as light and love, and the significance of fellowship with Him and each other. John stresses the importance of confessing sin and walking in God’s truth. The second section warns against the dangers of loving the world and being deceived by false teachings, urging believers to discern truth from error. The final section highlights the supremacy of love, pointing to God’s love as the ultimate example.

Throughout, John draws on themes and teachings from his Gospel, such as abiding in Christ and the new commandment to love one another. He reinforces foundational Christian truths, including belief in Jesus as the Son of God and the assurance of eternal life through Him.

1 John provides practical guidance for believers on living a life pleasing to God. It emphasizes love as central to the Christian faith and the need for genuine fellowship with God and fellow believers. The letter equips believers to stand firm in their faith and witness to the transformative power of God’s love in a hostile world by addressing issues of sin, false teachings, and spiritual discernment.

Key themes of 1 John

1 John is about Love

The theme of love is central in the book of 1 John. The author emphasizes the importance of loving one another as a sign of being true followers of God. In 1 John 4:7-8, it is stated that “Beloved, let us love one another, for love is from God, and whoever loves has been born of God and knows God. Anyone who does not love does not know God, because God is love.” This highlights the idea that love is not just an action but a reflection of God’s nature. The author also stresses the sacrificial love of Jesus as the ultimate example for believers to follow in 1 John 3:16, “By this we know love, that he laid down his life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers.” Therefore, love is not just a feeling but a selfless act of service towards others, mirroring the love that God has shown us.

1 John is about Obedience

1 John emphasizes the importance of obedience to God’s commandments as a key theme. The author stresses that true love for God is shown through obedience to His commands (1 John 5:3). Obedience is seen as a natural response to God’s love for us, as those who love God will keep His commandments (1 John 2:3-6). The book also warns against disobedience, highlighting that those who claim to know God but do not obey His commands are not truly walking in the light (1 John 2:4). Ultimately, 1 John teaches that obedience is a vital aspect of the Christian life, demonstrating our love for God and our commitment to following His will.

1 John is about Truth

Truth is a central theme in the book of 1 John. The author emphasizes the importance of living in truth and walking in the light of God. In 1 John 1:6-7, it is stated that if we claim to have fellowship with God but walk in darkness, we are not truthful. However, if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus purifies us from all sin. This highlights the idea that truth is not just about what we say, but also about how we live our lives. In 1 John 3:18, it is further emphasized that we must not love with words or speech but with actions and in truth. This challenges believers to demonstrate their faith through their deeds, showing the truth of their commitment to God. Ultimately, the book of 1 John encourages believers to embrace the truth of God’s love and live it out in their daily lives.

1 John is about Fellowship

For the apostle John in the book of 1 John, fellowship is a key theme that emphasizes the importance of believers being in close relationship with God and with one another. In 1 John 1:3, John highlights the joy that comes from sharing in fellowship with the Father and with His Son, Jesus Christ. This fellowship is based on the truth of God’s Word and the cleansing power of Jesus’ sacrifice (1 John 1:7). John urges believers to walk in the light and confess their sins to maintain this fellowship with God (1 John 1:6-9). Furthermore, John emphasizes the significance of loving one another as a sign of true fellowship with God (1 John 4:7-8). Ultimately, fellowship in 1 John is about abiding in God’s love and living in unity with fellow believers, reflecting the love and grace of God in our relationships.

1 John is about Light vs. Darkness

Light vs. darkness is a prominent theme in the book of 1 John. The author emphasizes the contrast between walking in the light, which symbolizes righteousness and truth, and walking in darkness, which represents sin and deception. In 1 John 1:5-7, it is stated that God is light, and in Him, there is no darkness at all. Those who claim to have fellowship with God but walk in darkness are considered liars, but those who walk in the light have fellowship with one another and with God. The theme of light vs. darkness serves as a moral compass for believers, guiding them to live in a way that reflects the truth and purity of God’s light, rather than succumbing to the deceit and sinfulness of darkness.

Important Verses in 1 John:

1 John 1:5: 5 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.

1 John 1:9: 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

1 John 2:1: 1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:

1 John 2:15-16: 15 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.

1 John 3:1: 1 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

1 John 3:16: 16 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

1 John 4:7-8: 7 Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.
8 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.

1 John 4:18: 18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.

1 John 5:4: 4 For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith.

1 John 5:13: 13 These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.