2 John: The True Meaning


2 John: Love, Truth, And Walking In Light

The Second Epistle of John, often referred to as 2 John, is a brief but powerful letter believed to have been written by the Apostle John in the late 1st century AD. During this tumultuous period, the early Christian community was facing significant challenges, both from external persecution and internal doctrinal disputes.

The letter was likely written around 90-100 AD, a time when the rise of Gnosticism, a heretical teaching that denied the full humanity of Christ, had emerged as a serious threat to orthodox Christian beliefs. The letter was most likely composed in Ephesus, a prominent city in the Roman province of Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey), known for its bustling commerce and the awe-inspiring Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The epistle was addressed to a specific community, referred to as “the elect lady and her children,” though the exact identity of the recipient remains uncertain. The political landscape was dominated by the Roman Empire, with the notoriously persecutory Emperor Domitian ruling at the time, which undoubtedly added to the sense of urgency and caution evident in John’s writing.

The early Christians faced daunting challenges as they strived to maintain their faith and unity in the face of false teachers and a hostile environment. The author of 2 John, believed to be the Apostle John, sought to encourage the believers and provide guidance on discerning truth from error, underscoring the vital importance of preserving sound doctrine.

2 John stands as a testament to the ongoing struggles of the nascent Christian movement and the efforts of its leaders to safeguard the integrity of the faith. The letter serves as a valuable resource for understanding the difficulties encountered by the early Church and the unwavering determination of its followers to uphold the true teachings of Christ.

The Author of 2 John

The author of the second epistle of John is traditionally believed to be the apostle John, the same author of the Gospel of John and the book of Revelation. John was one of the twelve disciples chosen by Jesus and is often referred to as the “disciple whom Jesus loved. John was a fisherman from Galilee before Jesus called him to be a disciple. He was part of Jesus’ inner circle along with James and Peter, witnessing significant events such as the transfiguration and the raising of Jairus’ daughter. John’s close relationship with Jesus likely influenced the depth of his teachings and the emphasis on love in his writings.

John’s motivation for writing the second epistle of John was to encourage the recipients in their faith and to address the issue of false teachings that were circulating among the early Christian communities. He emphasizes the importance of holding fast to the truth of Jesus Christ and warns against embracing any teachings that deviate from the foundational beliefs of Christianity. John likely wrote this epistle from a place of care and pastoral concern for the believers to whom he was addressing, in terms of personal circumstances. John, an elder in the early Christian church, felt a responsibility to guide and support these communities in their walk of faith, ensuring they remained steadfast in their commitment to Christ amidst challenges and false teachings.

Overview of 2 John

2 John is a brief epistle in the New Testament, penned by the Apostle John. The book is addressed to “the chosen lady and her children,” likely a metaphorical reference to a specific church and its members. The central theme of 2 John is the importance of walking in truth and love. John emphasizes the need for believers to remain steadfast in the teachings of Christ and to demonstrate love towards one another.

The epistle can be outlined as follows: 1) Greeting and Introduction (2 John 1:1-3), 2) Walking in Truth and Love (2 John 1:4-6), 3) Warning Against Deceivers (2 John 1:7-11), and 4) Final Greetings (2 John 1:12-13).

Throughout the book, John encourages his audience to love one another (2 John 1:5) and cautions against false teachers who deny the divinity of Christ (2 John 1:7-11). He urges the recipients to discern truth from falsehood and to refrain from supporting those who do not preach the true message of Christ (2 John 1:10-11). This aligns with other biblical passages warning against false prophets and emphasizing the importance of clinging to the truth (Matthew 7:15, 1 John 4:1).

The significance of 2 John lies in its focus on the foundational principles of Christianity: truth and love. John reinforces the core teachings of Jesus Christ by exhorting believers to walk in truth and love. The epistle serves as a timely reminder for Christians to remain steadfast in their faith, discern false teachings, and demonstrate Christ-like love in all their interactions. The message of 2 John remains relevant and vital for upholding the truth of the Gospel and embodying the love of Christ in a world rife with deception and division.

Key themes of 2 John

2 John is about Truth

The key theme in the book of 2 John is truth. The writer emphasizes the importance of walking in truth and love, as seen in verse 4 where it says, “I rejoiced greatly to find some of your children walking in the truth, just as we were commanded by the Father.” The writer warns against deceivers and false teachers who do not confess Jesus Christ coming in the flesh, urging believers to be discerning and hold fast to the truth they have received (verses 7-10). The letter encourages hospitality towards those who bring the true teaching of Christ, while also cautioning against supporting those who do not abide in the truth (verses 10-11). Ultimately, the book of 2 John underscores the importance of abiding in the truth of Christ and walking in love towards one another.

2 John is about Love

A key theme in the book of 2 John is love. The writer emphasizes the importance of walking in love and truth, instructing believers to love one another (2 John 1:5). This love is not just a feeling but is demonstrated through obedience to God’s commandments (2 John 1:6). The writer warns against showing hospitality to false teachers who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ (2 John 1:10-11), highlighting the need to discern and uphold the truth in love. Ultimately, the message of 2 John is that love and truth go hand in hand, and believers are called to love one another in a way that reflects their love for God.

2 John is about Obedience

For the theme of obedience is central in the book of 2 John, emphasizing the importance of following God’s commandments. The writer urges believers to walk in love and truth, which are intertwined with obedience to God’s teachings (2 John 1:6). Obedience is seen as a demonstration of genuine faith and love for God (2 John 1:4). The author warns against false teachings and encourages believers to abide in the doctrine of Christ, highlighting the connection between obedience and remaining in God’s truth (2 John 1:9). Ultimately, the book of 2 John underscores the significance of obedience as a mark of true discipleship and a way to remain in God’s love and protection.

2 John is about Hospitality

At the heart of the book of 2 John is the theme of hospitality. The writer emphasizes the importance of showing hospitality to fellow believers, welcoming them into our homes and lives. In verse 10, the author warns against receiving false teachers into our homes, highlighting the need to discern who we welcome and support. By practicing hospitality with discernment, we uphold the truth of the gospel and protect the community of believers from deception. The act of hospitality is not just about offering physical shelter but also about fostering a spirit of love and unity among believers. As stated in verse 5, when we love one another, we walk in obedience to God’s commandments. Therefore, hospitality in the book of 2 John is not merely a social nicety but a reflection of our faith and commitment to living out God’s truth in our relationships with others.

Important Verses in 2 John:

2 John 1:5-6: 5 And now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a new commandment unto thee, but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another.
6 And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it.

2 John 1:7: 7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.

2 John 1:8: 8 Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.

2 John 1:9: 9 Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son.

2 John 1:10-11: 10 If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed.
11 For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.