2 Peter: The True Meaning


2 Peter: Warnings Against False Teachings And Encouragement

The Second Epistle of Peter, believed to have been written around 65-68 AD, near the end of the apostle’s life, was likely composed in Rome, where tradition holds that Peter spent his final years before being martyred under the Roman Emperor Nero. During this time, the early Christian community faced growing tension and persecution from the Roman authorities, who saw the new faith as a threat to their power and traditions.

The bustling city of Rome was home to a diverse population, including both Jews and Gentiles, many of whom were drawn to the message of the Gospel. However, the Christian community also faced scrutiny and opposition from the Roman elite. In this context, Peter’s letter serves as a call to steadfastness and vigilance, addressing primarily Gentile converts who were struggling to maintain their faith amidst the challenges of living in a pagan society.

The epistle emphasizes the importance of moral and spiritual growth, as well as the need to be vigilant against false teachers and the temptations of the world. Significantly, 2 Peter affirms the divine inspiration of Scripture and the reality of Christ’s promised return, underscoring the importance of living a life of holiness and devotion in anticipation of the Lord’s second coming. The letter provides a valuable blueprint for the early church, equipping believers to persevere in their faith despite the trials and tribulations they faced.

The Author of 2 Peter

The author of 2 Peter is traditionally believed to be Simon Peter, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. Peter was originally a fisherman from Galilee and was called by Jesus to follow Him. He became one of the closest and most prominent disciples of Jesus, often taking on a leadership role among the apostles. Peter is known for his impulsive nature, such as when he boldly declared his loyalty to Jesus but later denied Him three times during Jesus’ trial. The author wrote 2 Peter to address concerns and false teachings circulating among the early Christian communities. He wanted to encourage believers to remain steadfast in their faith, to remain vigilant against false teachings, and to grow in their knowledge of Jesus Christ. Peter also wanted to remind the readers of the importance of godly living and ethical behavior in light of the imminent return of Jesus Christ. The personal circumstances of Peter at the time of writing are not definitively known, but it is believed that he wrote this letter near the end of his life, possibly while facing persecution and anticipating his own martyrdom.

Overview of 2 Peter

2 Peter is a letter written by the apostle Peter to encourage and guide early Christians. The book can be divided into several key sections.

The first section emphasizes the importance of growing in faith, virtue, knowledge, self-control, perseverance, godliness, brotherly kindness, and love. Peter urges believers to cultivate these qualities, reminding them of God’s blessings and promises. He also highlights the reliability of the prophets’ and apostles’ message, pointing to the transfiguration of Jesus as evidence of His divine nature.

The second section focuses on the trustworthiness and authority of Scripture. Peter emphasizes that the prophecies of Scripture come from God, not human origin. He warns against false teachers who distort the truth and lead people astray, affirming the divine inspiration of the Scriptures.

The third section addresses the presence of false prophets and teachers within the Christian community. Peter warns about their destructive teachings and immoral behavior, using examples from the Old Testament to illustrate God’s judgment on the ungodly.

The final section focuses on the second coming of Christ. Peter addresses skepticism about the return of Jesus, reminding believers that God’s timing is not the same as human timing. He encourages them to live holy and godly lives in anticipation of Christ’s return and warns about the final judgment and the destruction of the present heavens and earth.

2 Peter is significant in the context of Christianity, as it emphasizes the importance of faith, the reliability of Scripture, the dangers of false teaching, and the certainty of Christ’s return. It serves as a reminder for believers to remain steadfast in their faith, grow in godly virtues, and be vigilant against deception, knowing that they will one day be held accountable for their actions.

Key themes of 2 Peter

2 Peter is about Endurance

For the apostle Peter, endurance was a key theme in his second letter to the early Christians. He encouraged believers to persevere in their faith despite facing trials and challenges. Peter emphasized the importance of developing qualities like faith, goodness, knowledge, self-control, perseverance, godliness, mutual affection, and love, as these would help them endure and remain steadfast in their walk with God (2 Peter 1:5-7). He reminded them of the promises of God and the certainty of Christ’s return, urging them to live holy and godly lives as they eagerly awaited His coming (2 Peter 3:11-12). Peter himself exemplified endurance through his own trials and persecution, showing that through faith and reliance on God’s strength, believers can endure and overcome any obstacles that come their way.

2 Peter is about Knowledge

2 Peter emphasizes the importance of knowledge in the Christian faith. The author encourages believers to grow in knowledge of God and His Word, stating that through knowledge, we can experience God’s grace and peace in abundance (2 Peter 1:2). The book highlights the need for believers to supplement their faith with virtues such as goodness, self-control, and love, which can only come through knowledge of Christ (2 Peter 1:5-7). Furthermore, the author warns against false teachers who distort the truth, emphasizing the necessity of discernment and a solid foundation in knowledge to avoid being led astray (2 Peter 2:1-3). Ultimately, 2 Peter underscores the transformative power of knowledge in shaping our faith and guiding us in living a life that honors God.

2 Peter is about Virtue

The theme of virtue is prominent in the book of 2 Peter. In this letter, Peter encourages believers to add virtue to their faith, emphasizing the importance of moral excellence and goodness in their lives. He urges them to make every effort to supplement their faith with virtue, knowledge, self-control, steadfastness, godliness, brotherly affection, and love (2 Peter 1:5-7). By cultivating virtue, believers are able to live a life that is pleasing to God and reflects the character of Christ. Peter reminds his readers that practicing virtue not only strengthens their faith but also ensures that they will not be ineffective or unfruitful in their knowledge of Jesus Christ (2 Peter 1:8). Ultimately, the theme of virtue in 2 Peter serves as a call to live a life of integrity, righteousness, and moral excellence in accordance with the teachings of the gospel.

2 Peter is about Righteousness

At the heart of the book of 2 Peter is the theme of righteousness. Peter emphasizes the importance of living a life of moral excellence and godliness, urging believers to add to their faith virtues, knowledge, self-control, perseverance, godliness, brotherly kindness, and love (2 Peter 1:5-7). He warns against false teachers who promote unrighteousness and encourages believers to stand firm in their faith and conduct themselves in a manner pleasing to God. Peter reminds his readers of the judgment that awaits the unrighteous and the promise of a new heaven and earth where righteousness dwells (2 Peter 3:13). Ultimately, the book of 2 Peter serves as a call to live a life of righteousness in anticipation of the return of Christ and the establishment of God’s kingdom.

Important Verses in 2 Peter:

2 Peter 1:3-4: 3 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

2 Peter 1:10-11: 10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

2 Peter 1:20-21: Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.
21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

2 Peter 2:1-3: 2 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.
3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.

2 Peter 3:8-9: 8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

2 Peter 3:10: 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

2 Peter 3:18: 18 But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.