What does Acts 17:22-28 really mean?

Acts 17:22-28 is about Paul addressing the people of Athens, proclaiming that the unknown God they worship is the creator of the world and that from one man, God made all nations and determines their times and boundaries so that people may seek Him and find Him.

22 So Paul, standing in the midst of the Areopagus, said: “Men of Athens, I perceive that in every way you are very religious.
23 for as I passed along and observed the objects of your worship, I found also an altar with this inscription: ‘To the unknown god.’ What therefore you worship as unknown, this I proclaim to you.
24 The God who made the world and everything in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in temples made by man.
25 nor is he served by human hands, as though he needed anything, since he himself gives to all mankind life and breath and everything.
26 And he made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined allotted periods and the boundaries of their dwelling place,
27 that they should seek God, and perhaps feel their way toward him and find him. Yet he is actually not far from each one of us,
28 for “‘In him we live and move and have our being’; as even some of your own poets have said, “‘For we are indeed his offspring.’


Setting the Scene for Acts 17:22-28

In Acts 17:22-28, the scene is set in the city of Athens, specifically at the Areopagus, also known as Mars Hill. The apostle Paul finds himself in this bustling city known for its intellectual and philosophical pursuits. As he walks through the streets, he is struck by the numerous idols and altars dedicated to various gods, evidence of the city’s deep religious devotion.

Paul is not alone in this scene; he is surrounded by a diverse group of people, including philosophers, Epicureans, and Stoics, who are curious to hear what he has to say. These individuals have gathered at the Areopagus, a place where intellectual discussions and debates often take place. The setting is grand, with the Acropolis looming in the background and the city sprawled out below, a stark contrast to the spiritual emptiness Paul perceives in the multitude of idols.

As Paul begins to speak, he seizes the opportunity to engage with his audience, using their own culture and beliefs as a starting point to introduce them to the one true God. He eloquently proclaims the message of the gospel, emphasizing that God is not like the man-made idols they worship but is the creator of the universe and the source of life itself. The scene is charged with tension and anticipation as the crowd listens intently to Paul’s words, some scoffing while others are intrigued by this new teaching.

What is Acts 17:22-28 about?

Paul is speaking to the Athenians, a people known for their worship of many gods in this verse. Paul is demonstrating God’s omnipotence and omnipresence by mentioning the “unknown God.” He is emphasizing that God is not confined to a particular physical representation or idol, but rather is a divine being who is beyond human comprehension and transcends all boundaries.

Paul’s message to the Athenians is one of inclusion and accessibility. He is declaring that this “unknown God” is not distant or aloof, but rather intimately involved in the lives of all people. Paul is inviting the Athenians to experience a personal relationship with this higher power by proclaiming God’s sovereignty and nearness, regardless of their background or beliefs. It is a call to connect with the divine in a profound and meaningful way, recognizing that God is present in every aspect of our lives. We are challenged to consider our own understanding of God and how we relate to Him as we reflect on this verse. Do we limit God to our own preconceived notions and expectations, or are we open to experiencing His presence in unexpected ways? We are reminded to approach our faith with humility and an open heart, willing to embrace the mystery and wonder of the divine in our lives, just as Paul encouraged the Athenians to seek out the “unknown God.”

Understanding what Acts 17:22-28 really means

In Acts 17:22-28, we find the apostle Paul addressing the people of Athens at the Areopagus, a significant location for philosophical and religious discussions. Paul’s purpose is clear: to explain the nature of God and His relationship with humanity to an audience deeply entrenched in various belief systems. He begins by acknowledging the Athenians’ religiosity, setting a tone of respect and openness for dialogue. This approach is a valuable lesson in engaging with those who hold different beliefs, showing that understanding and acknowledging others’ perspectives can lead to meaningful conversations.

Paul’s key phrases in this passage carry profound meanings that resonate with believers and non-believers alike. By stating that God, as the Creator, does not dwell in temples made by man, Paul emphasizes God’s omnipresence and transcendence beyond physical structures. This challenges the Athenians’ notions of deity confined to specific locations and rituals, inviting them to consider a higher, more universal understanding of God. Furthermore, Paul highlights God’s self-sufficiency and role as the ultimate provider of life, emphasizing humanity’s complete dependence on Him for sustenance and existence.

Drawing from related biblical passages such as Genesis 1:1, Isaiah 66:1, and John 4:24, we see a consistent portrayal of God’s sovereignty, omnipresence, and spiritual nature. These passages reinforce the timeless truths about God’s character and challenge us to worship Him in spirit and truth, transcending mere physical forms of worship. The relevance of these concepts to people today is profound. Understanding God’s nature as both transcendent and immanent can deepen our faith and perspective on the world around us, reminding us of the awe-inspiring presence of God in every aspect of our lives.

Moreover, the emphasis on the unity of humanity in Acts 17:26 serves as a powerful reminder of our shared origin and interconnectedness. In a world often divided by differences, this message encourages us to embrace a sense of global community and empathy towards all people. Recognizing our dependence on God for life and purpose can bring comfort and reassurance to those feeling lost or purposeless in today’s fast-paced society. Just as Paul’s message resonated with the searching Athenians, it can offer hope and direction to anyone seeking meaning and belonging in a fragmented world.

In conclusion, Acts 17:22-28 encapsulates profound truths about God’s nature and our relationship with Him. It challenges us to reexamine our understanding of God, our place in the world, and our connections with others. This passage remains relevant and impactful, offering a timeless message of hope and unity in a world that often struggles to find meaning and purpose. As we reflect on Paul’s words to the Athenians, may we also consider how they speak to us today, inviting us to deepen our faith, embrace our shared humanity, and acknowledge our dependence on the loving Creator who sustains us all.

What is the connection between God and humanity?

The connection between God and humanity is characterized by the fact that God is the creator of all things, including humanity. God gives life and breath to every person and determines the times and places where each person would live. The verse also emphasizes that we are all God’s offspring, highlighting the intimate and personal relationship that exists between God and humanity. We are encouraged to seek God and reach out to Him as His offspring, recognizing our connection to Him. This relationship with God is not far off or distant, as He is close to each one of us. Through this connection, we are invited to respond to God and draw near to Him in faith and reverence, acknowledging His sovereignty and seeking to know Him more deeply. The verse ultimately points to the truth that in God, we live, move, and have our being. Our existence is dependent on God, and our connection to Him is vital for our well-being and purpose. Recognizing this connection can lead us to a deeper understanding of our identity as His children and our need for a relationship with Him.


Embrace the power of God’s creation in your life. Acknowledge His presence and seek a deeper connection with Him. Live intentionally, understanding that each moment is a precious gift. How will you shape your journey with God today?