What does Romans 14:19 really mean?

19 So then let us pursue what makes for peace and for mutual upbuilding.


Setting the Scene for Romans 14:19

In Romans chapter 14, the scene is set in a bustling marketplace in the ancient city of Rome. The marketplace is filled with merchants selling their goods, the aroma of various foods wafting through the air, and the sound of chatter and bartering all around. Among the crowd are a diverse group of people from different backgrounds and beliefs, including both Jewish and Gentile Christians.

The Jewish Christians, who were raised with strict dietary laws, are seen hesitating to eat certain foods being sold in the marketplace, while the Gentile Christians, who do not have the same restrictions, are freely indulging in the offerings. The tension between the two groups is palpable as they navigate their differing beliefs and practices. In the midst of this cultural and religious clash, the apostle Paul steps in to encourage unity and understanding among the believers, urging them to prioritize peace and edification over disputes about food and drink.

As Paul addresses the crowd, he emphasizes the importance of showing love and respect towards one another, regardless of their differences. He reminds them that the kingdom of God is not about what they eat or drink, but about righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit. The scene serves as a powerful reminder for the early Christians in Rome, and for believers today, to prioritize unity and love in the midst of diversity and disagreement.

What is Romans 14:19 about?

This verse encourages us to actively seek peace and support within the community of believers, known as the body of Christ. It reminds us of the importance of building each other up and working together harmoniously. We create a nurturing environment where everyone can thrive and grow in their faith by striving for peace. Each member of the body has a unique role to play, and when we support and encourage one another, we strengthen the entire body. Consider how the overall atmosphere within the body of Christ is influenced by your actions and words. Are you promoting peace and unity, or are there areas where you can improve? Reflect on ways in which you can actively seek to build up those around you and foster a sense of mutual edification. We can create a community that reflects the love and grace of Christ to the world by prioritizing peace and supporting one another. We should strive to embody these values in our interactions with our fellow believers as we seek to grow together in faith and love.

Understanding what Romans 14:19 really means

Let’s begin by setting a structure for our commentary on this verse.

  1. Introduction and Context
  2. Detailed Explanation of Key Phrases
  3. Cross-Referencing with Other Scripture
  4. Relevance to Modern Life
  5. Anecdote for Illustration
  6. Encouragement and Call to Action

Introduction and Context

Romans 14:19 is part of a larger discussion by Paul addressing the Roman church about the importance of unity and edification within the Christian community. The focus is on living in harmony and being mindful of each other’s faith and conscience. Paul emphasizes the need for peace and mutual edification, understanding that our actions and attitudes can either build up or tear down our community.

Detailed Explanation of Key Phrases

The verse compels us to “make every effort to do what leads to peace and to mutual edification.” The phrase “make every effort” underscores the intentionality and diligence required. It suggests an active pursuit rather than a passive stance. “Peace” here refers not just to the absence of conflict but to a holistic sense of well-being and harmony within the community. “Mutual edification” means building each other up, fostering spiritual growth and encouragement among believers.

Cross-Referencing with Other Scripture

To deepen our understanding, we can look at Ephesians 4:3, where Paul urges believers to “make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace.” Similarly, Hebrews 12:14 advises, “Make every effort to live in peace with everyone and to be holy.” Both passages reinforce the idea that peace and unity are not just desirable but essential aspects of Christian life. They emphasize the same proactive stance in fostering a supportive, harmonious community. This verse is incredibly relevant in our contemporary context. We live in a world rife with division and conflict, even within our churches. Making every effort towards peace and mutual edification is a call to counteract the pervasive negativity and discord. It challenges us to be proactive in our relationships, seeking to understand and support one another rather than criticize or condemn. I once visited a local church and considered a story. Two women had a longstanding disagreement, which affected the entire congregation. The pastor decided to address it by organizing a series of meetings focused on open dialogue and prayer. Over time, both women began to understand each other’s perspectives and worked towards reconciliation. Their efforts not only restored their relationship but also brought a renewed sense of unity and peace to the whole church. This is a practical example of making every effort towards peace and mutual edification.

Encouragement and Call to Action

So, what does this mean for you, dear reader? Reflect on your own community—be it church, family, or workplace. Are there areas where you can actively pursue peace and build others up? Remember to put effort and intentionality into it. But the rewards—unity, growth, and a sense of communal well-being—are well worth it. Let’s commit to living out this verse, making every effort to foster peace and mutual edification in our daily lives. We align ourselves with the teachings of Paul and become agents of positive change in a world that desperately needs it by embracing these principles.

How can we pursue peace and edify one another?

We can pursue peace and edify one another by focusing on building each other up rather than tearing each other down. When we choose to prioritize unity and understanding in our interactions with others, we create an environment where peace can thrive. We contribute to the well-being of the community and promote harmony among believers by showing respect, kindness, and empathy towards one another.

It is essential to remember that each person is on their own spiritual journey and may have varying beliefs or convictions. Therefore, it is important to approach discussions with a spirit of acceptance and grace, seeking to understand rather than to judge. We can cultivate an atmosphere of mutual respect and encouragement by emphasizing love and compassion in our interactions, ultimately leading to strengthened relationships and a more unified body of believers.


Imagine your workplace or family—thriving on collaboration and shared goals. Just like that, let’s strive for peace and unity in our faith community. Focus on building each other up and showing love, even when we disagree. Are you being a peacemaker and pillar of support in your community?