What does Exodus 24:3-8 really mean?

Exodus 24:3-8 is about the establishment of a covenant between God and the people of Israel, symbolized by sacrifices and the sprinkling of blood, signifying a sacred agreement and commitment between them.

3 Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.”
4 And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. He rose early in the morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
5 And he sent young men of the people of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the Lord.
6 And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar.
7 Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.”
8 And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”


Setting the Scene for Exodus 24:3-8

In Exodus chapter 24, Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy elders of Israel find themselves at the foot of Mount Sinai. The scene is set amidst the awe-inspiring backdrop of the mountain, with its peak covered in a thick cloud, thunder rumbling, and flashes of lightning illuminating the sky. The Israelites had just witnessed the powerful display of God’s presence on the mountain, including the giving of the Ten Commandments.

Moses had been called by God to ascend the mountain to receive the tablets of the covenant. Before he went up, he shared the words of the Lord with the people, and they responded with one voice, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.” This declaration marked a significant moment of commitment and covenant between the Israelites and God.

To seal this covenant, Moses built an altar at the foot of the mountain, representing the presence of God among the people. He then sent young men to offer burnt offerings and sacrifices as peace offerings to the Lord. Moses took half of the blood from the offerings and sprinkled it on the altar, symbolizing the reconciliation between God and His people. The other half of the blood he sprinkled on the people, signifying their participation in the covenant. Finally, Moses read the Book of the Covenant to the people, and once again, they affirmed their commitment to obey and uphold the laws of God.

What is Exodus 24:3-8 about?

The act of confirming the covenant with God through sacrifices and blood holds profound significance in this verse. Sacrifices and blood have long been symbolic elements in religious rituals, representing commitment, atonement, and the sealing of agreements. The Israelites are demonstrating their unwavering devotion and dedication to following God’s laws and commandments by offering sacrifices and blood as a confirmation of their covenant with God.

Imagine the solemn atmosphere as the Israelites make their sacrifices, the smell of incense filling the air, the sound of prayers being recited. This act is not just a ritual, but a tangible expression of their faith and obedience. It is a solemn promise to uphold their end of the covenant, knowing that breaking it would have serious consequences. The use of sacrifices and blood in this confirmation underscores the seriousness and gravity of the covenant, emphasizing the commitment and sacrifice required to maintain a relationship with God. Reflecting on this verse reminds us of the importance of honoring our commitments and promises, especially those made with our faith and spirituality. It prompts us to consider what sacrifices we are willing to make in our own lives to strengthen our relationship with the divine. May we also strive to show our dedication, loyalty, and reverence in our own spiritual journey, just as the Israelites confirmed their covenant with God through sacrifices and blood.

Understanding what Exodus 24:3-8 really means

In Exodus 24:3-8, we witness a significant moment in the covenant relationship between God and the Israelites. As Moses conveys God’s laws and commands to the people, they respond with a resounding affirmation, committing to obey. This covenant serves as a foundational cornerstone for understanding the intricate bond between God and His people, laying the groundwork for the narratives that unfold throughout the Old Testament and culminating in the arrival of Christ in the New Testament.

Moses assumes the role of a mediator, bridging the gap between the divine and the human realm by communicating God’s will to the people. The act of relaying “all the words of the Lord and all the rules” underscores the importance of divine instruction and the necessity of a leader to convey God’s mandates effectively. The people’s unanimous declaration, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do,” showcases their initial faith and readiness to enter into a covenant relationship with God.

The significance of writing down “all the words of the Lord” cannot be overstated. This act symbolizes the permanence and gravity of God’s commands, ensuring their preservation and adherence by future generations. The construction of an altar at the foot of the mountain by Moses early in the morning signifies a place of worship and sacrifice, embodying the people’s dedication and underscoring the sanctity of the covenant. Public reading of the Book of the Covenant further emphasizes transparency and collective responsibility, ensuring that everyone comprehends the terms of the covenant.

The mention of “the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you” symbolizes the sealing of the covenant, a solemn and binding agreement between God and His people. This act of sealing the covenant with blood underscores the seriousness and irrevocability of the commitment made by both parties. Drawing parallels to related passages in the New Testament, such as Hebrews 9:19-20 and Matthew 26:28, we see a continuity between the old covenant established in Exodus and the new covenant brought about through Jesus Christ.

Today, this passage challenges us to reflect on our commitment to God, akin to the Israelites’ pledge to obey His commands. It highlights the significance of community in our faith journey, emphasizing that we are not solitary travelers but part of a larger body of believers. The themes of sacrifice and worship remind us of the importance of dedicating our lives to honoring God and supporting one another in our shared faith.

In a modern context, envision a community uniting to construct a new church, each member contributing their time, resources, and skills. This collective effort mirrors the Israelites’ commitment to the covenant, illustrating that when we collaborate in faith, we create something sacred and enduring. Ultimately, Exodus 24:3-8 prompts us to contemplate the depth of our commitment to God and the ways in which we can foster a supportive and uplifting community of believers.

Do we fully commit to following God’s covenant?

The people of Israel fully committed to following God’s covenant in Exodus 24:3-8. They declared their willingness to obey by responding with a resounding “We will do everything the Lord has said; we will obey.” This demonstrates a complete dedication and devotion to following God’s instructions and living according to His commandments. The Israelites acknowledged God’s authority and sovereignty over their lives by agreeing to the terms of the covenant. They understood that obedience to God’s commands was essential in maintaining a close relationship with Him and living in alignment with His will. Their commitment to following the covenant symbolized their faith and trust in God’s guidance and provision. We are also called to fully commit to following God’s covenant in our own lives. This means not only agreeing to obey His commandments but also actively living them out in our daily lives. We must affirm our dedication to following God wholeheartedly, trusting in His faithfulness and seeking to honor Him in all that we do, just as the Israelites declared their willingness to obey.


Let’s roll up our sleeves and get to work on our covenant with God, just like we tackle our daily tasks at the office or caring for our loved ones at home. Are we giving our all to honor our promises to Him, just as we strive to excel in our professional and personal lives? Let’s make a firm decision today to deepen our bond with the divine by taking meaningful actions. Will we rise to the challenge and truly commit to walking the path of faith with unwavering determination?